A new round of land reform spread the farmers can
place, after many years, cooperation model of rural land stock finally across the country.
11 month 15 days, "decision" clearly put forward, to allow farmers to the right to the contracted management of development of agricultural industrialization investment, encourage the transfer of the contractual right to professional investors, family farm, farmer cooperatives, agricultural enterprises in the open market, the development of various forms of scale management.
the expert inside course of study points out, this is actually on land circulation in rural land stock cooperative mode recognition, positioning and deepen the 2013 No.1 document of rural collective land joint-stock system is one of the main body of rural collective property rights system reform.Development of land stock cooperation / shares the right to land contractual management appears the earliest in Guangdong province. In 1992, Guangdong Province in the South China Sea city Bai village farmers contracted land in the form of equity, transfer to the village collective formed by the association of unified management. Then this new land transfer mode to be rolled out to the east coast of Shandong, Shanxi, Chinese and Hebei, began a base test in accordance with their respective regional characteristics.
Wu Fuming Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, wrote an article pointing out that, land stock cooperative mode, means the peasants into shares with the right to land contractuapartment shanghaial management, investment to agricultural enterprises or cooperatives, farmers as shareholders, dividends, benefit sharing, risk sharing. Professor Kong Xiangzhi of Renmin University of China College of agriculture and rural development practice proved that, the farmers the right to contractual operation of land pricing funded enterprise specialized farmers' cooperatives, joint development and diversified cooperation, can effectively the land together, extensive development, is a good way to agricultural production elements reasonably together. Land stock cooperatives to reduce the land contracting right of management circulation risk, safeguard farmers' right to land contractual management rights, further promote the scale management of agriculture and the development of modern agriculture.
in the local test, the organization mainly in the form of land stock cooperatives. Land stock cooperatives will be scattered concentration of rural land in stock form, the cooperative nominal independent management circulation concentration of land, an acre of land for a stock, in a co-operative membership, dividends, except in the contracted land rental income, and therent house in shanghai scale of land circulation and management was the two distribution of income.
2008 year in October, the seventeen plenary session "decision" pointed out, allowing farmers to subcontract, lease, exchange, transfer, joint-stock cooperative form of land contract management right transfer, develop various forms of moderate scale management. Since then, according to a new round of land reform in rural land circulation started, land stock cooperation from local experience gained national recognition.
"decision" clearly put forward, giving farmers to contract more possession, use, income, transfer and mortgage, guarantee the right to the contracted management of power, allowing farmers the right to agricultural industrialization development apartments for rent shanghaiin business by contracting. To encourage the transfer of the contractual right to professional investors, family farm, farmer cooperatives, agricultural enterprises in the open market, the development of various forms of scale management.
the State Council Development Research Center of rural